A homodyne Michelson interferometer was developed to realize a dynamic vacuum standard. The interferometer measures variation in optical path due to refractive index changes related to the pressure of the gas. The measurement arm of the interferometer is formed by two quasiparallel mirrors which act as a multiplication set-up to allow an increment of the optical path and consequently of the sensitivity. The interference signal is detected by a high speed camera: starting from the recorded interference pattern, two quadrature regions are identified and analyzed by custom software to obtain the quadrature phase signals. The dynamic vacuum system is mainly composed of a large low-pressure chamber VA (about 800 L) connected by a valve and a replaceable orifice to a high pressure chamber VB of about 2 L, hosting the interferometer. The fast pressure drop from 100 kPa to 100 Pa is obtained by a gas expansion from VB to VA. The velocity of the expansion process can be easily varied by substituting the orifice connecting the two chambers. The response of the system was first tested with a slow process of about 40 s at different gains of the measurement arm of the interferometer. Subsequently, a fast process (< 3 s) was considered and the result of the optical device was compared to the measurements performed by two capacitance diaphragm gauges (133 kPa and 1.33 kPa full scale). The gauges are equipped with special electronics to give each nominal reading every 0.7 ms. The two measurements performed by the dynamic vacuum standard and capacitance diaphragm gauges showed an agreement better than 12%.

Dynamic vacuum measurement by an optical interferometric technique / Mari, DOMENICO GIANLUCA; Bergoglio, Mercede; Pisani, Marco; Zucco, Massimo. - In: MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0957-0233. - 25:(2014). [10.1088/0957-0233/25/12/125303]

Dynamic vacuum measurement by an optical interferometric technique

MARI, DOMENICO GIANLUCA;BERGOGLIO, MERCEDE;PISANI, MARCO;ZUCCO, MASSIMO
2014

Abstract

A homodyne Michelson interferometer was developed to realize a dynamic vacuum standard. The interferometer measures variation in optical path due to refractive index changes related to the pressure of the gas. The measurement arm of the interferometer is formed by two quasiparallel mirrors which act as a multiplication set-up to allow an increment of the optical path and consequently of the sensitivity. The interference signal is detected by a high speed camera: starting from the recorded interference pattern, two quadrature regions are identified and analyzed by custom software to obtain the quadrature phase signals. The dynamic vacuum system is mainly composed of a large low-pressure chamber VA (about 800 L) connected by a valve and a replaceable orifice to a high pressure chamber VB of about 2 L, hosting the interferometer. The fast pressure drop from 100 kPa to 100 Pa is obtained by a gas expansion from VB to VA. The velocity of the expansion process can be easily varied by substituting the orifice connecting the two chambers. The response of the system was first tested with a slow process of about 40 s at different gains of the measurement arm of the interferometer. Subsequently, a fast process (< 3 s) was considered and the result of the optical device was compared to the measurements performed by two capacitance diaphragm gauges (133 kPa and 1.33 kPa full scale). The gauges are equipped with special electronics to give each nominal reading every 0.7 ms. The two measurements performed by the dynamic vacuum standard and capacitance diaphragm gauges showed an agreement better than 12%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11696/29651
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